Body Integrity Identity Disorder

You should know that the way I’m going to go about talking about this disorder will be backwards. *clears throat*

Today or should I say…a few hours ago I woke up. I realized immediately that my right ear sounded extremely muffled. I did the normal and ugly faces to try to open up my “ear ways”. It didn’t work. I tried cleaning out my ears and they are cleaner than usual(I don’t usually clean my ears anyways but when I do, it’s usually more). After many tries, I’ve completely given up on this. It’s a really uncomfortable feeling, especially because it’s on the side of the body that is most dominant; but I digress.

I started thinking about what it would be like to be deaf. It’s a thought that has crossed my mind quite a few times. It’s a thought that goes through a lot of people’s minds who have Misophonia. Some people have visual triggers but a lot don’t and if they were to be deaf, their quality of life would improve significantly. The stress, anxiety and possibly depression of Misophonia could completely go away. This being said, I have only heard once of someone who tried to become deaf by his/her own doing.

Now, this also got me thinking about a disorder I had heard of a few years back. It comes and goes in the news every once in a while but no one seems to be doing anything about it. People with BIID have this internal belief that a limb or an organ that is attached to them is not theirs or they’d be better off without it. Some want to become paralyzed and be crippled. Their body and the limb is working well so they have no medical reason for wanting it detached. They normally request to have surgery but surgeons and doctors deny them. They usually end up taking it upon themselves to do self surgery. After doing so(if they succeed), they lead better lives.

Whether this is a strictly psychological problem or a physiological problem is pretty debatable. The interesting thing is that the only thing that seems to work is either detaching the limb or acting as if the limb is detached.

What is the oddest disorder you guys have heard of?


PCOS & Mental Health

First, I love Facebook. Every time I log in, I look at the news section on the right side. There you can now know about anything from ridiculous celeb things to scientific discoveries. Today, I saw an article trending about the medical relationship between PCOS (Polycistic Ovary Syndrome)and mental health. It is believed that 60% of women with PCOS also suffer from a mental health problem and it’s typically anxiety and/or depression. This new study suggest though that the whole problem started since before girls are born.

In my particular case, having had depression since toddler years…it makes sense that I would have been “tampered”(genetically) by my mother as a fetus. Haha. I don’t have any idea if I have PCOS or if my mom does but it is possible given the symptoms associated with the disorder.

One things that “sucks” about PCOS is the fact that it has been shown to run in families and has a genetic component. Women who give birth to boys may affect the boys as well, but in a different way. They may become more prone to other diseases such as diabetes.

The whole puzzle hasn’t yet been put together but there’s a lot of women out there who suffer from or will suffer from PCOS and if they figure out how to prevent it or cure it, a lot of women won’t pass on the greater possibility of mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. To me, the fact that they have linked these two things is a pretty good step in getting rid of mental health issues derived from mostly chemical imbalances.

The article makes a lot more sense than I do. So I’ll leave a link so you guys can read it. Let me know what your thoughts are on this topic! 🙂

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors(MAOIs)

MAOIs were the first type of anti-depressant to be developed. They have been less prescribed as the years passed since they have a lot more side effects and restrictions. Some MAOIs require diet restrictions because they can cause severe high blood pressure when you eat certain foods or take certain medications. It is usually prescribed after other anti-depressants fail. MAOIs can also be prescribed to people with Parkinsons’s disease.

The way MAOIs work is similar to other anti-depressants. They block the reuptake of certain brain chemicals. Monoamine Oxidase is an enzyme involved in removing certain neurotransmitters. MAOIs prevent this from happening and in turn makes more of these chemicals available and can help boost mood.

Side Effects:

  • Common side effects include: Dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, headache, drowsiness, insomnia, skin reaction, dizziness, lightheadedness
  • Other possible side effects include: Involuntary muscle jerks, low blood pressure, reduced sexual desire, sleep disturbances, weight gain, difficulty starting urine flow, muscle aches, prickling or tingling sensation in skin

Safety Concerns:

  • Eating or drinking certain foods can cause blood pressure to dangerously rise.
  • Drug interactions can cause serious reactions.

FDA Approved MAOIs:

  • Isocarboxazid(Marplan)
  • Phenelzine(Nardil)
  • Selegiline(Emsam)
  • Tranylcypromine(Parnate)

*Info obtained from

Tricyclic Anti-Depressants (TCAs)

Tricyclic anti-depressants were one of the first types to be prescribed for depression. Nowadays, they’ve been replaced by the other drug classes. Sometimes they are prescribed to people when other options have failed and to people with anxiety or nerve pain. Tricyclics work like other anti-depressants in the way that they block the re-absorption of some neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine. They also affect other chemical messengers, which leads them to have more side effects than their counterparts.

Side effects:

  • Most common side effects include: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, urine retention, drowsiness, increased appetite that leads to weight gain, drop in blood pressure and increased sweating.
  • Less common side effects include: Disorientation or confusion, tremor, increased or irregular heart rate, increase in seizures for people who suffer from seizures, difficulty with sexual drive and performance.

FDA Approved

  • Amitriptyline
  • Amoxapine
  • Desipramine(Norpramin)
  • Doxepin
  • Imipramine(Tofranil)
  • Nortriptilyne(Pamelor)
  • Protriptyline(Vivactil)
  • Trimipramine(Surmontil)

Safety Concerns:

  • Anti depressants and pregnancy may be a problem.
  • A rare condition called serotonin syndrome is possible.
  • High doses of tricyclic anti-depressants can cause serious health problems. Routine blood tests should be done if taking high doses
  • Stopping these medicines can cause mild-severe withdrawal like symptoms.

*Info obtained from

Atypical Antidepressants

Atypical anti-depressants work in the same way that SSRIs and SNRIs do but they can affect two or more chemicals in the brain. The drugs that fall under this class are each very unique and are prescribed to people who fit under relatively specific categories. Atypical anti-depressants have similar side effects to other anti-depressants but each has its own set. Some side effects have to be weighed against the benefits because they can be disruptive and/or detrimental to overall health.

FDA Approved Atypicals:

  • Bupropion(Wellbutrin)
  • Mirtazapine(Remeron)
  • Nefazodone
  • Trazodone(Oleptro)

Safety Concerns:

  • Some may cause seizures, increase in cholesterol, liver failure, priapism and/or serotonin syndrome.

*info obtained at

Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors(SNRIs)

SNRIs are used to help with depression, anxiety and nerve pain. They are usually prescribed after trying an SSRI and not having improved. They can also be prescribed first to people who have chronic pain on top of depression or anxiety. SNRIs work in the same way that SSRIs do with the exception that it works to balance more than one chemical in the brain.


  • SNRIs may cause more side effects than SSRIs and may cause more withdrawal like symptoms if stopped suddenly.
  • Pregnancy and anti-depressants usually don’t mix; as some may cause birth defects. Talking to a doctor about pregnancy before starting is a good idea.
  • Some SNRIs can raise blood pressure when taken in higher dosages.
  • Some SNRIs can affect liver function if you have liver problems before starting them.
  • Some can raise your chances for GI bleeding.
  • Serotonin Syndrome is relatively rare but still a possibility when it comes to taking SSRIs or SNRIs.

Side Effects:

  • Most common side effects are nausea, dry mouth, dizziness and excessive sweating.
  • Less common but possible side effects include tiredness, difficulty urinating, agitation or anxiety, insomnia, headache and loss of appetite.

FDA approved SNRIs:

  • Duloxetine(Cymbalta)
  • Venlafaxine(Effexor XR)
  • Desvenlafaxine(Pristiq)

*Information obtained from

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors(SSRI’s)

SSRIs are prescribed to people with moderate to severe depression. In some cases it can also be prescribed to people with anxiety disorders. This class of drugs usually has the least amount of side effects and is the most common drug class used to introduce someone to anti-depressants. They work by only changing the levels of serotonin in the brain. Drugs in this class may take a few weeks to months to be fully effective.

Side Effects:

  • Nausea
  • Nervousness, agitation, restlessness
  • Dizziness
  • Reduced sexual desire
  • Drowsiness
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Headache
  • Dry Mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea


  • Ask your doctor before trying to conceive or if you become pregnant. Some SSRI’s can increase the change of birth defects.
  • Some pain relievers can increase the chance of bleeding when combined with SSRIs
  • Serotonin Syndrome is a rare but possible condition where the body has too much serotonin due to combining different medications that increase serotonin levels in the body.
  • People under 25 may have suicidal thoughts or behaviors increase the first few weeks of taking SSRIs.
  • Stopping treatment without leveling off can cause symptoms similar to withdrawal that can be dangerous.

FDA Approved SSRIs

  • Citalopram(Celexa)
  • Escitalopram( Lexapro)
  • Fluoxetine( Paxil)
  • Sertaline(Zoloft)

*Info provided by